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HOW TO CREATE PRINTED OPAQUE CHARMS USING PHOTOSHOP

HOW TO CREATE PRINTED OPAQUE CHARMS USING PHOTOSHOP

Posted in Tutorials by Zap! Creatives on Jul 4th, 2017

This tutorial contains everything you need to know about creating your own printed opaque charms. This includes our white, black, coloured, metallic, frosted, glow in the dark and glitter acrylic charms as well as our wooden charms.

1. Download our templates

To start submitting your custom printed acrylic charm designs you’ll need to download our design templates. Templates are available in various sizes ranging from 0.5" (12.7mm) right up to 3.5" (88.9mm).

Download our Photoshop templates here and open your chosen size.



Each template comes with a working area where you will import or create your designs. Please make sure that your artwork fits INSIDE of the blue borders.

2. Understanding our layers

Opening the template, you will notice that there are 7 layers in your Layers palette. If you can't see the Layers palette, hit F7 to make it appear.



IMPORTANT - Please don't rename existing layers or create additional layers as this will confuse our systems when processing your designs.

If you have used any effects / layer styles on any of your layers you MUST flatten them before saving. To do this simply right click on the applicable layer and select 'Rasterize Layer Style' from the menu.


'Office Use Only' Layer

This layer contains the blue borders which your design must sit inside, our logo and a brief description of the template size that you are using. This layer is locked and should not be used.

'Artwork' Layer
This layer is where you should place your artwork. Please make sure that you choose the correct template size and that your artwork fits neatly inside the blue borders.

'White' Layer
Adding a base layer of white to your charms will make your colours crisper and more vivid. Use this layer to tell us exactly where you would like this layer of white to go.

'Gloss Varnish' Layer
If you would like your charms to have a gloss finish as opposed to a matte finish, you can use this layer to show us exactly where you would like the your areas of gloss to be placed.

‘Cut Area’ Layer

Use this layer to show us EXACTLY where you want your charms to be cut. We'll use this information to create a path which will then be used to create a cut line for our laser cutters.

Please note that we do not print right up to the edge on any of our acrylic charms. It is therefore ESSENTIAL that you create a border of AT LEAST 1mm between your artwork and your cutline. We can however print right up to the edge when printing onto wood as the print is more durable on this material.

Failure to leave a 1mm border on your acrylic charm designs can result in damage and lifting along the printed edge of your charms as a result of the heat generated by the laser. See step 5a for more info.


'Hole Template' Layer
Drag and drop the hole template from this layer onto your artwork to show us where you would like your hole to be placed. The dotted red line represents the recommended distance that your hole should be placed INSIDE of your design.



'Loop Template' Layer
Drag and drop our loop template from this layer onto your artwork to show us where you would like your loop to be placed. The light red, outer circle represents the loop size and the inner, dark red circle represents the hole within the loop.



If you would like your loop to be the same colour as your border then please make sure that your border colour extends to the light red outer circle of the loop template. (see '6c Adding a Loop' for more details).

3. Importing your designs

Select the 'Artwork' layer in your layers palette and either draw your design directly on this layer or, simply copy (CTRL+C) and paste (CTRL+V) previously saved artwork. We're using one of our black acrylic sample pack charms as an example.

4a. Adding a layer of white

To guarantee bright and crisp colours for your artwork, you will need to add a white base layer to your designs. This white layer will sit behind your artwork and will ensure that the colours of your charms are consistent, regardless of what material you choose.

Check out the charms below by jwhitneyart.com. Using a white base layer of ink means their designs look the same on our white and black acrylics.



Please note that we ask that you create this white layer for ALL of your charm designs, even white acrylic charms.

An additional benefit of creating your own white base layer is that you can let us know EXACTLY where you would like us to print your white areas. This allows customers to add additional features to their designs, such as transparencies on our clear acrylics, as well as reducing any areas of white creeping around the edges of your artwork.

To create your white base layer simply hold down the 'CTRL' key and click on the thumbnail of your 'Artwork' layer. This will select all of the elements of your artwork layer.



Inset your selection by 2 pixels using SELECT > MODIFY > CONTRACT and enter the value of 2 in the pop up 'Contract Selection' window.

Insetting your white layer by 2 pixels will prevent any areas of white from showing around the edge of your charms.

Now go to EDIT > FILL (Shift & F5) and select the 'Color' option from the 'Content' drop down menu.


Choose 100% Cyan as your colour (C:100 M:0 Y:0 K:0)

Click 'OK' and 'OK' again. You should now have a Cyan silhouette of your original artwork, placed on your 'White' layer

Be aware that contracting your selection in this manner can have an effect on the pixels selected. Always zoom in on areas with fine details such as strands of hair or small point text and check that you are happy with the results.

You may decide to only contract your selection by 1 pixel if you have a lot of fine or intricate areas in your designs.

Please remember that we always recommend ordering samples before committing to large print runs, so that you can check that you are happy with the result. mistakes can not be rectified once your charms have been printed.

4b. Identifying unwanted areas of white

Using soft brushes in Photoshop can result in unwanted, low opacity pixels causing issues around the edges of your artwork.

These pixels are invisible to the eye but get picked up by our printers, which print ALL pixels on your white and gloss layers, no matter how low their opacity, as 100% white or 100% gloss. This can cause unwanted areas of white ink and gloss varnish around the edges of your finished charms.

A simple way to check your artwork for low opacity pixels is to click on your white layer or your gloss layer, select the paint bucket tool and fill the background black.



The paint bucket will fill all areas of the background except where there are any low opacity pixels. These can then be easily identified and removed using the selection and eraser tools.

IMPORTANT - Please remember to undo the black paint bucket fill before submitting your designs.

4c. Transparencies

The 'White' layer can also be used to create areas where you don't want a white base. This effect works especially well on our clear acrylics to create transparencies (areas with coloured ink and no white ink or areas with no ink at all).



To create a transparent area, simply delete any unwanted areas on your white layer using the eraser or any of the other tools at your disposal in Photoshop to achieve your desired effect. You can see this effect on our clear acrylic charms above.

5a. Working with gloss varnish

You can choose to have a gloss or matte finish on your designs by selecting the matte or gloss drop down option on our website when placing your orders. If you choose 'Gloss' as your option, you will need to create a grey silhouette on the 'Gloss Varnish' layer, similar to how you created the cyan silhouette on your 'White' layer in step 4 of this tutorial.


Select the 'Gloss Varnish' layer in the layers palette. Copy your artwork from the 'Artwork' layer and paste it into the 'Gloss Varnish' layer using the 'Paste Special' command SHIFT + CTRL + V.

With the 'Gloss Varnish' layer selected, click on the 'Lock Transparent Pixels' icon.



Now go to EDIT > FILL (Shift & F5) and select the 'Color' option from the first drop down menu. Enter the following colour values to create a grey fill C:0 M:0 Y:0 K:50

Click 'OK' and 'OK' again. You should now have a grey silhouette of your original artwork, placed on the 'Gloss Varnish' layer.

5b. Spot gloss varnish

As well as being able to add gloss varnish to your entire design, you also have the option to limit this to certain areas, in effect highlighting particular elements of your design. Handy for creating textures like water droplets or snakeskin.



To do this, simply delete any unwanted parts of the grey silhouette that you created in step 5a. or create a custom silhouette based on the areas of your design that you would like to highlight.

6a. Adding a border / cut line - Important!

You can now decide on the thickness of your border, which will be used as a cut line. It is ESSENTIAL that you make this border AT LEAST 10px wider than your artwork (unless you are printing onto wood, in this case you do not have to create a 10px border). Failure to do so can cause your printed design to lift along the cut edge as a result of the heat generated by the laser. A 10px border will prevent this from happening.

It is essential that you have a border between your artwork and the cutline of your charm to ensure the printed charms durability. Please use the 'Cut Line' layer to show us EXACTLY how wide you would like this border as we WILL use this information to create your cutline and cut out your charm. Failure to create a 1mm border between your artwork and cutline will result in your printed design lifting along the cut edge due to the heat of the laser and is done so entirely at your own risk.

Remember that our lasers will remove approximately 0.15mm of acrylic from all sides of your charms when cutting. This is called kerf (thickness of the laser beam). To do this go to SELECT > MODIFY > EXPAND and enter your chosen width. You will see that your selected area has grown by the amount of pixels you chose.



Use the 'Fill' command (SHIFT+F5) or EDIT > FILL and fill this area black. This colour will not be printed, it's simply for our designers to use as a guide when creating your cut line.

TIP - Use the paintbrush to cover any areas missed by the 'fill'command!

6b. Adding a hole

If you would like a hole in your design you can let us know exactly where you would like this by dragging and dropping the hole template from the 'Hole' Layer, into position on your design.



The solid inner circle represents the hole and the dotted outer circle represents the recommended distance that your hole should be placed INSIDE of your design.

Please don't merge the hole template with your design as we will need to remove this before printing so that it's not visible on your finished charms.

6c. Adding a loop

If you would like a loop instead of a hole, you can let us know exactly where you would like this by dragging and dropping the loop template from the 'Loop' Layer, into position on your design.



The light red outer circle represents the loop size and the inner dark red circle represents the hole within the loop.

Please don't merge the loop template with your design as we’ll need to remove this before printing so that it's not visible on your finished charms.

7. Submission checklist

Congratulations, you've finished creating your custom charm designs! All you have to do now is check the following before submission...

  • Your white base layer is 100% Cyan and located on the 'White' Layer (Step 4a.)
  • Your gloss varnish layer is 50% Black and located on the 'Gloss Varnish' layer (Step 5a.)
  • The hole and loop layers have NOT been grouped or merged with the rest of your design.
  • Your border is AT LEAST 1mm thick (unless you are printing onto wood, in which case you can have your print right up to the edge)
  • All text has been converted to outlines.
  • Your charm template contains 1 charm only. Additional charms will be sent separately.

8. Saving your designs

To save your design follow these simple steps...

File > Save As > Photoshop (*PSD;*PDD).
Please make sure your file name includes your name, order number & charm number ie. - ‘JoeBloggs_123456_charm1.psd’

Email your designs along with your order number to info@zapcreatives.com

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